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The Altare della Patria, in English: “Altar of the Fatherland”, also known as the Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II (“National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II”) or Il Vittoriano, is a monument built in honor of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome, Italy. It occupies a site between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill. The eclectic structure was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1885; sculpture for it was parceled out to established sculptors all over Italy, such as Leonardo Bistolfi and Angelo Zanelli. It was inaugurated in 1911 and completed in 1925. The monument’s focal point is the statue of a horseman. This symbolizes Victor Emmanuel II. As the project continued, however, it expanded from being a commemoration of Italy’s first king into something more. An unknown soldier, who died in World War I, is buried at the Altare della Patria (the Altar of the Fatherland). The monument, thus, honors all those who have sacrificed their lives on behalf of their country. Tourists, also, have come to view this monument as a great place to visit. Among other reasons—such as learning the history of Italy’s reunification—it provides wonderful views of Rome and its environs.

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